Last year, the government shelved its plans to reform capital gains tax, but industry experts warn the threat of a future rise could impact the private rented sector.
In December last year, the Treasury passed over previous suggestions by the Office of Tax Simplification (OTS) to bring capital gains tax rates level with income tax, as well as reduce the allowance.
While this meant that many of those facing CGT in the near future could breathe a sigh of relief, including property investors, the threat of a future rise remains very much present. Tim Stovold, partner at accountancy firm Moore Kingston Smith, has labelled it a “stay of execution”, saying rates could rise in a new parliament.
But Jonathan Samuels, chief executive of Octane Capital, is one of several in the property industry who has warned that the ongoing threat of a rate rise could put people off the private rented sector; and the buy-to-let market is crying out for more landlords as tenant demand rises.
Capital gains tax rise could dampen investment
Samuels claims that the government’s policy and tax changes in recent years have been an effort to dampen investment in the private rental sector. This includes things such as tax relief reductions, stamp duty charges and tenant fee alterations.
“The pandemic has also proved problematic for some landlords who have suffered lengthy void periods due to factors such as the tenant eviction ban and a reduction in rental demand across our major cities, in particular,” he says.
“Despite all of this, the sector has stood tall and continues to provide the vital rental market backbone that so many are reliant on.”
He adds that many landlords have also benefited from a significant level of capital appreciation in their properties as house prices have risen over the years. The value of the buy-to-let sector has increased “substantially”.
How much is UK buy-to-let worth?
Octane Capital research has found that the UK buy-to-let sector is now worth around £1.7trn, taking into account the total value of property stock. This figure has increased by almost £240bn over the past five years, says the firm.
This means there are around 5.5 million privately rented homes in the UK, with London accounting for around 19% of this with more than a million properties.
With so many people relying on buy-to-let for accommodation, the sector is hugely important and should therefore be supported rather than penalised, many argue. There can be a lot of stigma attached to being a ‘landlord’, and a recent survey even showed that 73% feel they are unfairly portrayed as “this generation’s financial bogeyman”.
Gavin Richardson, managing director of Mortgages for Business, which conducted the survey, said: “What would happen if we took landlords out of the housing equation? The impact on the property market would be significant and almost entirely negative.
“It’s not as if the government is pouring money into social housing – or making any progress on housebuilding.
“Frankly, the government should be championing landlords and lauding their contribution to the housing sector – landlords are bailing the government out!”
Current capital gains tax rules
At the moment, the first £12,300 of capital gains each year is exempt from tax. Above this amount, basic rate tax payers pay 10% tax, and higher and additional rate taxpayers pay 20%. For residential property, basic rate taxpayers pay 18%, while higher rate taxpayers pay 28%.
For more information on rates, allowances and more, see the government website.